Sustainable development means a judicious or optimum utilisation of resources in such a manner that the pace of economic growth sustains with inter-generational equity.
The following are the four strategies of attaining sustainable development:
1. Use of Environment Friendly Fuel: The growing use of fuel such as petrol and diesel emits huge amount of carbon dioxide that adds to the Green House impact. In order to control pollution, the use of CNG and LPG should be promoted. These fuels are cleaner fuels, smokeless and eco-friendly.
2. Use of Renewable Resources: India is well enriched with sunlight, water and wind energy. These are the gift of nature that are non-exhaustible and pollution free. Thus, attempts should be made to harness solar and wind energy by employing different technologies. It not only solves the problem of economic growth but also the problem of sustainable economic development.
3. Recycling: The industrial and household wastes should be accumulated on daily basis. These wastes should be distinguished as bio- degradable and non-biodegradable wastes. The biodegradable wastes are those wastes that can be decomposed and can be used as manure for organic farming. The nonbiodegradable wastes like plastic, etc. can be recycled and re-used.
4. Use of the Input Efficient Technology: The input efficient methods and techniques should be devised so that more production is possible at per unit of input. This efficient utilisation of the natural resources leads to lesser exploitation of the natural resources.